WOOD COUNTERTOP SPECIES:
Zebrawood Wood .
Description: Zebrawood resembles the striping of a zebra because of its strong early wood to late wood contrast. It is an exotic decorative wood. It is hard and heavy. It works well with hand and machine tools. Zebrawood Wood Countertops are a striking statement that works well in contemporary and transitional designs. Zebrawood Countertops can be made in Flat Grain and End Grain construction.Alternate Trade Names: Zebrano, Palmaletto, African Zebrawood, Zingana, Okwen, Allen Ele
Origin: West and Central Africa
Color: Pale yellow-brown, golden yellow, pale brown, with narrow darker brown streaks
Grain: Wavy or interlockedJanka Hardness: 1575Zebrawood
Facts: Zebrawood typically grows to be about 150 feet (45 meters) in height. The trunk typically grows to have a diameter of about 4 to 5 feet (1.2 to 1.5 meters). Zebrawood is so hard that it can be used for skis and tool handles. It can also be used to make guitars, furniture trim, and custom furniture. Cadillac and Mercedes-Benz used zebrawood in their vehicles. Zebrawood is generally sold quartersawn to assure even lineal figure.
Description: Wenge is a heavy wood that has an attractive appearance due to its strong grain and subtle color variation. The heartwood is a darker brown with black veins and white lines. Wenge has a high resistance to abrasion and a high bending strength. Wenge Wood Countertops are available FSC certified.Alternate Trade Names: Milletia Laurentii, Awoung, Bokonge, Dikela, Mibotu
Origin: Congo, Cameroon, Gabon, Tanzania, and Mozambique in Africa
Color: Pale yellow to dark brown with black veins
Grain: Fairly straight
Janka Hardness: 1630Wenge
Facts: The tree grows to be about 50 to 60 feet (15 to 18 meters) in height and the trunk diameter is typically 2 feet 6 inches to 3 feet (0.75 to 1 meter). It is typically used for furniture. It can also be used for turnery, carving, exterior and interior joinery, violin bows, block and strip flooring, boatbuilding, and construction work. Sometimes it can be used for making archery bows.
Reclaimed Chestnut Wood.
Description: Reclaimed Chestnut is the rarest reclaimed wood. Its natural historical aspect of the originality of the wood adds character and tells a story centuries old. It has strength and durability. A Reclaimed Chestnut Wood Countertop is recycling at its high end finest. Reclaimed wood is a green alternative to using newer generations of wood for countertops. It is endorsed by Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED). Reclaimed Chestnut wood countertops by Grothouse are derived from dismantled antique Pennsylvania Barns.Alternate Trade Names: N/A
Origin: United States
Color: Honey, Light Brown, Dark Brown
Grain: Mostly straight
Janka Hardness: 540Reclaimed Chestnut
Facts: In the early 1900s a fungus from Asian Chestnut trees was imported to the United States. The fungus spread throughout American Chestnut trees, blocking their flow of nutrients and eventually killing the trees. By the late 1900s billions of American Chestnut trees were destroyed.
Description: Tigerwood shows a wide range of color and striping. The striping can range from fine lines to deep, bold lines that look like brush strokes. Tigerwood has a striking figure and finishes very smoothly, makingTigerwood Countertops a “wow” factor in any kitchen.Alternate Trade Names: Goncalo Alves
Origin: South America
Color: Orange-tan, deep red-brown, black streaks
Grain: Straight and smooth
Janka Hardness: 2160Tigerwood
Facts: Tigerwood is not only used to make beautiful wood countertops. It can be used for flooring, paneling, and trim as well. Tigerwood can be used wherever it is desired, commercially or residentially.
Douglas Fir Wood.
Description: Douglas Fir Wood Countertops help bring a traditional look to your kitchen, residential or commercial.Alternate Trade Names: Douglas Tree, Oregon Pine, Red Fir
Origin: North AmericaColor: Light red brown to pale yellow, honey
Grain: Straight, linear
Janka Hardness: 660Douglas Fir
Facts: The name Douglas Fir honors David Douglas, a Scottish botanist who introduced the Douglas Fir in 1827. It can grow to be 70 to 390 feet tall. Douglas Fir can be used to make wood butcher block countertops, but it is most commonly used for building purposes.
Genuine Mahogany Wood.
Description: Genuine Mahogany Wood Countertops are made of very popular wood. It is popular particularly for all-weather applications. It is a light red-brown. The color darkens with age. Genuine Mahogany works well with machine tools. It was and is the most prized hardwood for classic furniture makers.Alternate Trade Names: Honduran Mahogany, South American Mahogany, Big Leaf Mahogany, Cuban Mahogany
Origin: South America
Color: Light red-brown
Janka Hardness: 800Genuine Mahogany
Facts: Genuine Mahogany has a relatively fast growth rate. It is typically used for millwork, boatbuilding, guitar backs and other musical instruments, veneers, turnery, windows, doors, mouldings, banisters and railings, and cabinetry. Genuine Mahogany has become scarce due to supply loss. Grothouse offers FSC Certification on this species.
Hickory Wood .
Description: Hickory Wood Countertopsare the “Hercules” of wood countertopsbecause Hickory is the hardest, strongest and heaviest of American wood. It’s grain can be wavy or irregular. Because of this, care must be taken when making wood countertops to assure they do not warp.Alternate Trade Names: Pecan Hickory
Origin: North America
Color: Light to medium brown
Grain: Wavy or irregular
Janka Hardness: 1820Hickory
Facts: About 50 million years ago, Hickory survived the Glacial Epoch, making it the first American hardwood species. The Hickory tree can grow to be about 60 to 120 feet high. Hickory was used by the Wright Brothers for their airplanes. Pioneers used hickory for their wagon wheels. Sawdust and chips from hickory can be used for flavoring while smoking meat.
Description: Iroko Wood Countertops are often used for a substitute for teak. It is sometimes referred to as African Teak. Iroko is very durable. It is almost as durable as teak, but it doesn’t have the same stability. Iroko is extremely light in color when initially manufactured. It quickly darkens to an even darker brown honey color.Alternate Trade Names: Kambala, Lusanga, Moreira, Rokko, Odum, African Teak
Origin: East and West Africa
Color: The sapwood is yellow-white. The heart wood is golden-orange to brown.
Grain: The grain is moderately interlocked
Janka Hardness: 1260Iroko
Facts: Iroko is typically used for furniture, boat and ship building, laboratory benches, ply wood, wall paneling, decorative veneer, mouldings, carving, piles and other marine work. In the 1990s it was used for a part of the txalaparta. Txalaparta is a Basque musical instrument which is made of wooden boards.
Description: Lyptus is a dense engineered wood grown as a crop by Weyerhaeuser. It was developed for quick harvesting and is grown on plantations. The fast growth rate of Lyptus ensures a high supply rate and low costs. It is an environmentally friendly alternative for Oak, Cherry, and Mahogany wood. A Lyptus Wood Countertop is perfect for any environmentally-concerned customer.Alternate Trade Names: No other names are known.
Color: Light pink-salmon to deep red
Grain: Close grained
Janka Hardness: 2820Lyptus
Facts: Lyptus trees can grow and be harvested in 14 to 16 years. Lyptus is typically used for cabinetry, millwork, and flooring.
Description: Padauk has a fine medium texture with a natural sheen. It has medium stiffness and high resistance to abrasion. It is very durable. Padauk wood countertops can be brought to an excellent finish.Alternate Trade Names: African Padauk, African Coralwood, Barwood, Bosulu, Camwood, Corail, Mbe, Mututi, Ngula
Origin: Tropical West and Central AfricaColor: Red-orange, bright red, coral-pink with dark streaks, can darken to be red or purple-brown or black.
Grain: Can be straight grained or interlocked grain
Janka Hardness: 1725Padauk
Facts: Padauk typically grows to be about 100 to 130 feet high (30 to 40 meters high) and have a trunk with a diameter of 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters) or wider. It can last in contact with the ground for 25 years or more. Its leaves are edible and have large amounts of vitamin C. Extracts from the bark are used in herbal medicine to treat skin parasites and fungal infections. Padauk is highly valued for the making of drums in Africa because of its tonal resonance. Other uses for padauk are office furniture, heavy duty flooring, tool handles, knife handles, shuttles, sporting goods, and joinery.
Peruvian Walnut Wood.
Description: Peruvian Walnut Wood Countertops are deep chocolate brown in color and look great in any kitchen, commercial or residential. Peruvian Walnut is fairly easy to work with and polishes very well, which is why it is great for making wood countertops.Alternate Trade Names: Tropical Walnut, South American Walnut
Origin: Central and South America
Color: Deep chocolate brown
Grain: Typically straight, but can be irregular
Janka Hardness: 1080Peruvian Walnut
Facts: Peruvian Walnut can grow to be about 30 to 60 feet tall and 2 to 3 feet wide. It can be used to make astonishing wood countertops, but also cabinetry, musical instruments, trimming, and flooring.
Burmese Teak Wood.
Description: Burmese Teak is hard and has medium density. It is strong and durable. Working with hand and machine tools is relatively difficult because it contains natural silica embedded in the grain. It is fire and acid resistant. Burmese teak is water-proof because of its high natural oil content, and is often used to build yachts. It finishes and stains fairly well. Burmese Teak Wood Countertops are durable, beautiful, and strong. Burmese Teak can make the perfect wood countertop, butcher block countertop, butcher block table, or island countertop for any kitchen.Alternate Trade Names: Teak, Burma Teak, Tectona Grandis, Teku, Teka, Kyun Sagwan
Origin: Burma (Myanmar), India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines
Color: Dark golden-yellow, honey color, turns to a rich brown with dark brown markings. The sapwood is white and pale yellow.
Grain: It is typically straight grained, but can be wavy at times.
Janka Hardness: 1155Burmese Teak
Facts: Teak is used extensively in boat decks. It is also used for making doors, window frames, outdoor and office furniture, kitchen cabinets, harbor work, oars, laboratory benches, plywood, and columns and beams in old houses. About one third of the world’s total teak production comes from Burmese and Thailand sources. It typically grows to be about 130 to 150 feet (39 to 45 meters) high. The trunk grows a diameter to be about 3 to 5 feet (0.9 to 1.5 meters).
Description: Butternut is a unique species that has honey color. It is similar to Walnut in species and grain, but not color. It is a fairly soft wood that is easy to work with and takes finish very well. These characteristics are what make Butternut Wood Countertops a conversation piece in any kitchen.Alternate Trade Names: White Walnut
Origin: North America
Color: Light to medium tan and brown, red tint
Janka Hardness: 490 very low, dents easily Butternut
Facts: The bark from Butternut trees were used by early settlers to dye clothing because the bark provided a yellow and orange dye. The sap from the tree can make sugar and syrup very similar to a maple tree. Butternut is frequently used for church altars, carving, interior trimming, boxes and crates.
Cocobolo Wood .
Description: Cocobolo is naturally a beautiful wood. A Cocobolo Wood Countertop is guaranteed to add beauty to any kitchen. Cocobolo wood is heavy, tough, and strong. It works well with machine and hand tools. Surfaces that have been worked from planing, turning, and moulding come out clean and smooth. It takes stain wonderfully and is able to be brought to an excellent finish. Cocobolo heartwood is highly durable and resistant to preservative treatment. Cocobolo wood is typically used for furniture and cabinet making. Its look and feel is oily due to a high natural oil content from the wood. Cocobolo is only available in Edge grain and End grain.Alternate Trade Names: Granadillo, Nicaraguan Rosewood
Origin: West Coast and Pacific Areas of Central America
Color: Purple to yellow with black markings which turn to deep orange-red
Grain: Straight grain, sometimes interlocked. It can be irregular and variable.
Janka Hardness: 1136Cocobolo
Facts: The cocobolo tree grows to be about 45 to 60 feet high (13 to 18 meters high). The trunk’s diameter grows to be about 1 foot 6 inches to 2 feet (0.5 to 0.6 meters). Cocobolo is typically used for furniture and cabinet making, but is also used for police batons, gun grips, knife handles, and chess pieces. It is also used for musical instruments, such as guitars, drums and basses.
Eucalyptus Grandis Wood.
Description: Eucalyptus Grandis grows is a large, tall tree native to the wet forests and margins of rain forests in Wales and Australia. The name Grandis means large, which refers to the tree’s size. It has smooth, grey-brown bark. Because it accepts stain so well it finishes smoothly, making it fantastic for the making of wood countertops. It is a popular replacement for Mahogany. Bring a touch of the rain forests into your kitchen with a Eucalyptus Grandis wood countertop.Alternate Trade Names: Rose Gum, Flooded Gum, Scrub Gum
Origin: Coastal and sub-coastal ranges of New Castle, New South Wales and Queensland, Australia
Color: The heartwood is pale pink to red-brown. The sapwood is usually paler than the heartwood.
Grain: Straight grained, slightly interlocked
Janka Hardness: 2228Eucalyptus Grandis
Facts: Eucalyptus typically grows to be about 140 to 170 feet (45 to 55 meters) high with a trunk diameter of about 3 to 6 feet (1 to 2 meters). The tallest recorded Eucalyptus, known as “The Grandis,” has a height of 282 feet (86 meters). Eucalyptus is typically used for quality furniture, house framing, boat building, flooring, siding, paneling, oars, fruit cases, plywood, carving, and joinery. This species is available FSC certified.
Brazilian Cherry Wood.
Description: Brazilian Cherry has interlocked grain. The heartwood is red-brown and is often marked with dark streaks. It is extremely durable and produces extremely long, clear boards that make great Brazilian Cherry Butcher Block Countertops.Alternate Trade Names: South American Cherry, Courbaril, Locust, West Indian Locust, Jutaby, Alga, Copal, Algarrobo
Origin: South and Central America
Color: Orange-brown, red-brown
Grain: Interlocked grain
Janka Hardness: 3290Brazilian Cherry
Facts: Brazilian Cherry typically grows to be about 100 feet (30 meters) in height. The trunk typically grows to have a diameter of about 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters). Not only is it used to make wood countertops, but it is also used for boatbuilding, kitchen cupboards, flooring, railroad ties, and different types of sports equipment.
Description: Bubinga has a beautiful natural figure. The grain is typically straight or interlocked. It has distinct annual rings and produces a distinct figure. Bubinga takes stain easily and polishes to an excellent finish. Bring a touch of Africa into your kitchen with a Bubinga Wood Countertop.Alternate Trade Names: African Rosewood, Akume, Ovang, Waka, Guibourtia
Origin: Central and West Tropical Africa
Color: Red-brown with light red to purple veins
Grain: Straight or interlocked
Janka Hardness: 1980Bubinga
Facts: Bubinga typically grows to be about 70 feet (21 meters) max in height. The trunks diameter typically grows to be about 4 feet (1.2 meters). Bubinga’s main use is for sliced decorative veneers fro cabinets and paneling. It is prized for turnery and is also used for boatbuilding, flooring, and knife handles. Warwick Bass and Ibanez guitars are known to use Bubinga wood in their instruments because it creates a mellow, well-rounded sound. It is used in acoustic and electric guitars, as well as drum shells. Lexus uses Bubinga in their luxury vehicles.
Bolivian Rosewood Wood.
Description: Bolivian Rosewood is a very dense and rich colored wood. It offers a variety of colors from medium to light browns to almost black brown and purple. There is a repeated black striping. Medullary rays are often visible in sawn lumber and furniture. A Bolivian Rosewood Wood Countertop is suitable for any application, residential and commercial.Alternate Trade Names: Morado, Santos Rosewood, Pao Ferro, Brazilian Ironwood
Origin: Bolivia, Brazil, Central and South America
Color: Red-brown, dark brown
Grain: Very dense and varied figure
Janka Hardness: 2400, 55 lbs/ft3Bolivian Rosewood
Facts: Bolivian Rosewood is used for furniture and cabinetry, but also for flooring, handgun grips, back and sides of acoustic guitars, and aircraft interior.
Birds Eye Maple Wood.
Description: Birdseye is an amazing, rare and mysterious type of figure that occurs most often in Maple. There is no scientific evidence of what caused the existence of the figure. Its divergent grain makes it beautiful and highly prized in many cultures. A Birdseye Maple Wood Countertop is sure to make your kitchen unique and significant.Alternate Trade Names: N/A
Origin: North America
Color: Light tan to brown
Grain: Highly figured, with small round swirls that look like small “birds eyes”
Janka Hardness: 1450Birdseye Maple
Facts: Birdseye Maple is used to make private jets upfits, musical instruments, kitchen utensils, automobiles, jewelry boxes, entertainment centers, picture frames, and store fixtures. This species is very rare, please check on availability when quoting your butcher block countertop.
Description: Birch wood works easily with machine and hand tools. It takes stain and polish very well, making Birch Wood Countertops a great addition for your kitchen or bathroom.Alternate Trade Names: Yellow Birch, Hard Birch, Betula Wood, Canadian Yellow Birch, Quebec Birch, Swamp Birch
Origin: Eastern Canada and USA
Color: Light yellow sapwood, red-brown heartwood with darker growth rings
Grain: Close-grained, mostly straight, but can be wavy or curly.
Janka Hardness: 1260Birch
Facts: The birch tree grows to be about 70 to 100 feet tall (21 to 30 meters tall). The trunk has a diameter of about 2 feet 6 inches (0.8 meters). Birch is typically used for furniture, including rustic furniture. Its roots are used to make birch beer. Other uses for birch are: best-quality plywood, violin bows, flooring, and toothpicks. Birch is referred to as yellow birch to reflect the color of the tree’s bark. It is the provincial tree of Quebec. In Quebec it is called merisier, which means wild cherry in French.
Description: Ash is known as the wood of choice for baseball bats. It has good overall strength and provides wear and shock resistance. It is heavy, hard, durable, and has large pores. Because of its large pores it takes finish very well. Ash has a very similar grain to that of Red Oak, straight and open. It works well with machine and hand tool. A stained Ash Wood Countertop is a very economical alternative to Wenge.Alternate Trade Names: American Ash, White Ash, Canadian Ash, Green Ash, Red Ash, Black Ash, Brown Ash
Origin: Canada and USA
Color: White-tan to pale yellow, light to medium brown
Grain: Straight and open grain
Facts: It typically grows to be about 80 to 120 feet (25 to 36 meters) in height. The trunk typically grows to be about 2 to 5 feet (0.6 to 1.5 meters) in diameter. Ash is used for making quality furniture, such as wood countertops, but can also be used for lobster traps, firewood, snow shoes, flooring, hockey sticks, ceiling fan blades, baseball bats for Major League Baseball, garden tool handles, oars and paddles. Ash was once used for food bowls because it has no significant odor or taste. It has a natural oil content that is chemically similar to olive oil. Irish folklore claims that the shadow from an ash tree would damage their crops. In Europe they believed that snakes were repelled by ash leaves and circles drawn with ash branches. The Morgan Motor Company of Great Britain manufactures sports cars with frames made of Ash wood.
Antique Heart Pine Wood.
Description: An Antique Heart Pine Wood Countertop adds character and rarity to any room. The wood has natural warm tones that add a cozy “home sweet home” feeling. The “heart” refers to the dark streaks produced by the pine tree. Grothouse also offers a newer generation of Heart Pine. Grothouse heart pine is from dismantled antique Pennsylvania Barns, typically used in the beams.Alternate Trade Names: Reclaimed Heart Pine
Origin: Southeast of the United States
Color: Yellow, Pumpkin
Grain: Straight, sometimes swirls
JankaHardness: 1225Antique Heart Pine
Facts: Antique Heart Pine comes from the Long Leaf Pine Tree. When Antique Heart Pine was first discovered in our country it grew in the Southeast. Since Pine trees grow so slowly, it takes hundreds of years for Pine trees to mature fully.
American Cherry Wood.
Description: American Cherry is one of the most well known furniture hardwoods. Over time, Cherry Wood Countertops darken to a deep red brown color, a natural color that is extremely popular. It can be found with dark and wavy streaks. Curly figure is also prevalent. Cherry wood is moderately durable.Alternate Trade Names: Black Cherry, Cabinet Cherry, Coke Cherry, Wild Cherry, Black Wild Cherry, Rum Cherry, Whiskey Cherry
Origin: Eastern North America
Color: Deep red, light red-brown, white-brown, creamy-pink, can have dark wavy streaks
Grain: Close and straight
Janka Hardness: 950Cherry
Facts: The cherry tree grows to be about 80 feet (24 meters) high. It typically has a trunk diameter of 2 feet (0.6 meters). Cherry is one of the largest of all North American trees. After up to 30 to 45 years of growth, cherry trees can be harvested. It is known to live for up to 258 years. Cabinetmaking and furniture are the typical uses of cherry, but it can also be used for pianos, violin bows, carving, turnery, and joinery.
American Beech Wood.
Description: American Beech is straight grained and has a fine, even texture. It has medullar rays that are clearly defined. It has high stiffness and resistance to bending. American Beech works very well with hand and machine tools. American Beech Wood Countertops can be brought to an amazing finish, making a perfect addition to any kitchen. It is only available in Edge and End grain. Due to inconsistent supply, Grothouse Lumber does not offer American Beech in Flat grain.Alternate Trade Names: Beech, Fagus Grandifolia
Origin: Eastern Canada and USA
Color: Light tan to light brown
JankaHardness: 1300American Beech
Facts: American Beech tends to grow to be about 150 feet (45 meters) high. The trunk tends to grow to be about 4 feet (1.2 meters) in diameter. Before the creation of the modern chainsaw, beech trees were often left to grow and not cut down during lumbering because the wood is so heavy, tough, and strong. The crop of nuts from American Beech provides many species of animals with food, such as wild turkeys, raccoons, white tail deer, squirrels, black bears, and opossums.
African Mahogany Wood.
Description: African Mahogany can be straight grain and is typically interlocked. It shows a striped figure on quartersawn surfaces. The heartwood is creamy white and yellow. The sapwood isn’t always distinct from the heartwood. It stains and polishes well, which is why African Mahogany wood countertops look beautiful in any kitchen.Alternate Trade Names: Khaya Ivorensis, Akuk, Bandoro, Bisselon, Ogwango
Origin: Tropical areas of East, Central and West Africa
Color: Light pink-brown to deep red-brown with purple cast, creamy white to yellow
Grain: Straight grain usually interlocked
Janka Hardness: 860African Mahogany
Facts: African Mahogany usually grows to be about 110 to 140 feet (33 to 43 meters) high. The trunk has a diameter of about 6 feet (1.8 meters). It is typically used for furniture and cabinet making, but can also be used for interior joinery, boatbuilding, bank, office, and shop fittings.